Occupiers’ Liability exposures at the contractor’s office are generally limited due to lack of public access to the premises.
At the job site, digging and other operations pose numerous hazards, especially if the contractor exercises inadequate control of the area. The general public or employees of other contractors can be injured due to trips and falls over debris, equipment or uneven ground. Construction sites create an attractive nuisance hazard, especially if work is close to residential areas. Digging can result in cutting utility cable, damaging utility property and disrupting services to neighbouring residences or businesses.
A significant morale hazard may be indicated by the absence of detailed procedures to determine utility locations and to research prior uses of the land.
Excavating in an area of existing structures requires extra vigilance to prevent foundation and structural damage to nearby buildings. To control access to the job site, the contractor may employ spotters, post signs and install physical barriers where appropriate. Once a hole is excavated, there must be shoring or other supports to prevent collapse if people are to work in the hole.